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Millions of Americans are impacted by Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), but what are its underlying causes?


In the realm of mental health diagnosis and treatment in the United States, a universally relied-upon resource is the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders," commonly referred to as the DSM. Recognized as the definitive guide by the American Psychiatric Association, the DSM serves as the authoritative reference for clinicians. It aids in the identification of mental health conditions, allowing healthcare professionals to match patients with specific disorders and appropriate treatment approaches.

Among the various mental health conditions detailed in the DSM, such as depression, bipolar disorder, PTSD, and eating disorders, one frequently inquired about by individuals is obsessive-compulsive disorder, or OCD. Interestingly, many of those seeking information about OCD "exhibit symptoms suggestive of the condition but may not meet the complete diagnostic criteria outlined in the DSM," as explained by Juanita Guerra, PhD, a clinical psychologist practicing in New Rochelle, New York.

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